The Group’s approach lies in involving workers and their representatives in the pursuit of company objectives, establishing a continuous dialogue with them.
The Piaggio Group acknowledges the role of trade union organisations and workers' representatives and is committed to establishing relations with them focussed on attention, engagement and a common understanding; in fact ongoing dialogue is considered as fundamental for finding the best solutions to specific company needs.
The Group’s approach lies in involving workers and their representatives in the pursuit of company objectives, establishing a continuous dialogue with them. The solutions and conduct adopted in various countries where the Group operates are in line with the social and institutional context, but are always consistent with the fundamental principles and overall needs of the Group.
Piaggio complies with the labour legislation of countries where it operates. The minimum notice to give in the case of major organisational changes depends on the country where the employee works and on local applicable legislation.
During 2019, dialogue and discussion continued with trade unions and workers’ representatives, with the aim of seeking shared solutions, in order to respond to market situations and to manage the effect of these on employees. Collective negotiations have made it possible to identify shared management tools, that can tackle various scenarios safeguarding Company competencies.
The National Collective Bargaining Agreement (CCNL) is valid throughout Italy. In the case of major organisational changes, provisions of law and of the relative collective bargaining agreement are complied with. At the end of negotiations which began in 2017, a draft version of a 2nd level (supplementary) collective agreement was signed on 23 January 2020 with national and provincial branches of trade unions and trade union representatives of Pontedera, Noale, Scorzè and Mandello del Lario, for production units in Italy, valid up until 31 December 2022 and that has been approved by workers in February 2020.
As regards the Pontedera site, which is now fully established as a centre of excellence in innovation, research and design and in the production of vehicles and engines, a new trade union agreement was signed for the use of the Solidarity Contract from November 2018 to March 2019, subsequently renewed from October 2019 to January 2020. In July 2019, a mobility procedure was launched for 180 employees in order to downsize staff activities and structurally rebalance the production workforce.
The Ordinary Redundancy Fund was used occasionally during 2019 at the Noale unit, where motorcycle design and development activities are carried out. On 26 November 2018, an agreement with local trade unions and trade union representatives was signed at the Ministry of Labour and Social Policies, to continue the Special Redundancy Fund for reorganisation at the Scorzè unit from 9 January 2019 to 8 January 2020. On the same date, a procedure was started for a collective decease in staff, approved by workers, and concerning 105 people overall, in order to promote an easier management of structural excesses.
On 13 December 2019, an agreement with local trade unions and trade union representatives was signed at the Ministry of Labour and Social Policies, to continue the Special Redundancy Fund for reorganisation at the Scorzè unit from 9 January 2020 to 8 January 2021. At the same time, a procedure for the collective decrease in personnel was started, agreed by staff and concerning a total of 100 people.
At the Mandello del Lario production unit, the increase in work related to the summer production peak was managed in 2019 by using contractual multi-week hours, as well as agency workers.
Membership of trade union organisations at Italian sites (2017 – 2019) is shown in the table below:
Company micro-conflicts, mainly attributable to a single trade union association, were down on previous years, even though the total number of hours of industrial unrest went up, due to conflict at a national or sector level. The table below provides a summary of the hours lost due to strikes in the last three years at the company's sites in Italy:
A structured company welfare system has been established in Italy, with services that aim to increase the well-being of employees and their families, in economic and social terms. In particular, two childcare agreements are in place for employees at the Pontedera site. Moreover, a national trade union agreement at the end of 2011 established a private health insurance fund (Métasalute) for metal and steel processing workers in Italy; the company started paying its contributions to the fund in 2012. Membership of the plan, which was initially on a voluntary basis, has been automatic for all Group employees since October 2017.
The scheme also includes health benefits/services for employees:
- at Pontedera, the company medical centre for employees has specialists (an optician, an orthopaedic specialist, a lung specialist, a dermatologist and an ENT specialist) for consultations during working hours;
- at Noale/Scorzè and Mandello del Lario, all employees are entitled to paid time off for specialist consultations outside the company and for clinical analyses.
All sites also offer employees vaccinations free of charge.
The Indian subsidiary has always based trade union relations on cooperation, seeking to establish an ongoing dialogue and exchange of views. The company and the trade unions acknowledge that it is in the mutual interest of employees and the Piaggio Group to guarantee and pursue greater productivity and higher quality of products, as well as ensuring excellent factory operating process function, all of which enable the company to remain competitive in an environment like the automotive sector which, even in India, constantly demands innovation in its work processes.
In India, trade unions have a two-tier structure: one at company level and the other at local/area level; this structure is also replicated at the Indian subsidiary where the trade union system comprises a company trade union committee with Piaggio workers' representatives, and a central trade union committee, which is the highest hierarchical level, with members selected by the trade union. Currently, the company trade union committee (appointed in September 2019 and with an annual term of office) is made up of 8 members.
At the Indian subsidiary, a collective bargaining agreement is negotiated and signed, at regular intervals. The contract is for four years and was renewed in March 2018, following trade union negotiations without any episodes of conflict.
In 2019, besides signing the above agreement, main activities concerning industrial relations focused on:
- reaching and achieving the blue collar productivity levels established in the new agreement. Based on these indicators, levels of manpower connected with varying levels of production were established;
- Implementation of a flexible temporary labour model. The use of temporary blue-collar workers is related to production volumes based on pre-established ratios; – adopting other provisions in the agreement concerning salaries and other aspects (regulations on collective closures, the introduction of automation processes, flexibility in operating roles, training, etc.);
- Maintaining and improving positive and cooperative relations with workers and trade unions;
- guaranteeing compliance with labour laws, also following new government regulations (e.g. on the use of apprenticeships, regulations concerning pension funds, etc.);
- Employee engagement to improve business climate and, accordingly, employee motivation. In line with this approach, Piaggio organised numerous activities to involve its employees, including sports' competitions, health checks-ups and prevention, initiatives to raise awareness of environmental issues and the purchase of books for employees' children.
In Vietnam, trade union representatives at a company level (selected by a company trade union committee) are tasked with protecting employees, helping them to understand aspects concerning labour regulations and company policies, and providing economic support for some company initiatives benefiting employees.
In particular, the current Trade Union Committee, elected in February 2014 and comprising 15 members who will remain in office for 6 years, made an excellent contribution in 2019, having sponsored and assisted the company in a number of initiatives to bolster employee motivation. In October 2019, the new Trade Union Committee was elected, basically conforming previous appointments. The main events are outlined below, following on from those organised last year:
- “Safety Riding Contest” & "Safety Forklift Riding", lasting half a day, which promoted employee awareness on the subject of safety. It was also presented to local authorities to emphasise the company's strong focus on safety issues;
- the 6-month “Road Safety” campaign (starting in September 2018 and ending in March 2019), to increase awareness of safe road use, for all employees. This campaign, with specific monthly initiatives, was also organised as most blue-collar workers travel to work by motorcycle/scooter;
- the “Nutrition Day” for employees' children: in June, paediatric doctors met with employees to provide advice on the nutrition and health of their children. The half-day event was attended by approximately 300 children, mainly the sons and daughters of blue-collar workers. In particular, the children, who were entertained with games, entertainers and small gifts, were examined by 12 national nutrition doctors;
- the “Piaggio Vietnam Summer Vacation” lasting 3 days in August, when employees with their families were given a contribution to spend 3 days' holiday at a location selected in conjunction with the Company and trade union representatives;
- an “Outing day”, a team-building event lasting one day, held in August for all employees.
- “Year End Party”, for all employees, including management, to share results achieved and goals for 2020.
A company football tournament was also held, to increase team spirit through sport. No strikes took place in 2019.